Myopic research is used here to refer to faulty research that omits consideration of important factors that give a different answer than the one given by the researchers. There are many ways by which such failings can be generated. The research criticized here [Ficken, R. W., P. E. Matthiae, and R. Horwich. 1971. Eye marks in vertebrates: aids to vision. Science, 173:936-939.] happens to involve vision of birds and the evolutionary cause of eye-lines of certain birds.
Their research showed a correlation of eye-lines of certain shore birds with feeding on small mobile prey. Because the eye-line narrowed from a wide base immediately in front of the eye to a sharp point aimed directly at the tip of the beak, they concluded it was an aide to vision, functioning as an aiming stripe.
I had researched the literature on concealing coloration during the late 1950's when trying to understand a dramatic color pattern of a reef fish. [Engemann, Joseph G. 1960. The effect of coloration on
The evolutionary concept of natural selection and/or survival of the fittest has broad application potential beyond biology. Evolutionary change is likely to produce a more successful society than revolutionary change, Can that occur if extreme views are contesting for control?